How to bake the perfect Christmas cake

5th October 2017anna Share:FacebookTwitterShare

christmas fruit cake with icing

There’s nothing like the smell of baking to get you in the festive spirit
Image source: Shutterstock

If you’ve never baked a Christmas cake before, why not make this the year you start a new family tradition?

To help you on your way, here’s our easy-to follow recipe, plus a selection of top Christmas cake-making tips from baking bloggers and celebrity chefs. Feeling brave? Try one of our tantalising twists to help you take your cake to the next level.

Start early

Kids in the kitchen

Children will love giving you a hand
Image source: Shutterstock

Sticklers for tradition bake their Christmas cakes on “stir-up” Sunday – a week before the beginning of advent. But Christmas cakes take time to mature, so get cracking as soon as you like.

Our classic recipe

Dried fruit and nuts:

  • 175g raisins
  • 350g natural glacé cherries, halved, rinsed, and thoroughly dried
  • 500g currants
  • 350g sultanas
  • 75g blanched almonds


  • 150ml brandy or sherry, plus extra for feeding

Other ingredients

  • The zest of 2 oranges
  • 250g butter
  • 250g light muscovado sugar
  • 4 free range eggs
  • 1 tbsp black treacle
  • 250g plain flour
  • Half a tsp mixed spice
  • A deep tin with a 23cm diameter

Begin with the fruit


Christmas cake is packed with plump juicy fruit
Image source: Shutterstock

A mouthwatering Christmas cake is all about the dried fruit. Our recipe features raisins, currants, sultanas and glace cherries, but you can use whatever you like. Pudding Lane blogger Lucy switches currants for dried figs and adds glace ginger to the mix.

If you’re not a fan of heavy fruit-laden cakes, check out blogger Emma’s tropical alternative. She packs her golden fruit cake with a delicious combination of dried mango, pineapple and diced dried apricots. The point is, you can tailor it as you see fit!

The day before you bake


Steep your fruit in spirits overnight
Image source: Crepesoles

Tip your fruit mixture into a large bowl, add the zest of two oranges, pour in 150 ml of brandy or sherry and give it a good stir. Continue to stir every now and then, before covering the bowl and letting it stand overnight.

Not keen on brandy or sherry? Katie from Baking with Honey says by adding cherry brandy to the recipe, her Christmas cake has scaled new heights. ‘This,’ she says, is the recipe I will pass on to my daughter.’

Or go alcohol-free. Blogger Bee’s recipe swaps spirits for orange juice, cranberry juice, and cool Earl Grey tea. Bee says: ‘By pre-soaking the fruit and choosing lighter and more flavoursome fruits, there’s no need to add extra the booze.’

If you’re not a fan of rich dark cakes, you might also wish take a look at Paul Hollywood’s alternative ‘White Christmas Cake’ recipe, which has a lighter texture and is flavoured with vanilla and fresh citrus zest.

Bake day


Prepare your tin the easy way
Image source: Irene Shy

Preheat your oven to 140 degrees Celcius, and get busy lining your cake tin with greaseproof paper. Here’s how to do it.

To line the sides, roll your tin up in greaseproof paper so you can judge the correct length. Now trim the top so that at least 10cm will be poking above the sides of the tin. Make a fold 5cm from one of the long sides and snip vertical slits in the paper all along the edge. To make a base template, take a fresh piece of greaseproof paper, put the tin on it and draw around it. Cut out the circle.

Grease the tin and wrap your strip of greaseproof paper around the inside with the slits you cut at the bottom facing inwards. As chef Karen Burns-Booth says, this ‘makes the strip sit in the cake tin easily and form a circle.’ Place the disc of paper on top, and you’re ready to go.

Make the mixture

add the fruit into your gooey mixture

Who can resist this bowl of gooey goodness?
Image source: The Purple Pumpkin Blog

Put your softened butter and light muscovado sugar into a large bowl and cream them together until the mixture is pale and fluffy, then add the eggs. Food blogger Nohreen Sloan says eggs at room temperature work best because they’re much less likely to curdle your batter.

Stir through a tablespoon of black treacle, add the chopped blanched almonds, and beat everything together. Next, carefully fold in the plain flour and sprinkle over half a tsp of mixed ground spice.

Stir the fruit into the mixture and, for a traditional touch, add a ‘lucky’ silver coin. Professional baker Annabel Langbein remembers eating piece after piece of her grandma's dense, rich Christmas cake for the threepenny pieces and sixpences hidden in the mixture!

Bake to perfection

freshly baked fruit cake

Nothing beats a homemade Christmas cake, says blogger Sam.
Image source: North East Family Fun

Spoon the batter into the cake tin and put it in the oven. Bake for 4 – 4 ½ hours, until your cake is firm and a deep golden brown. If the colour’s looking good after two hours, cover the top with parchment or foil to stop it burning. Check to see if you cake is ready by inserting skewer through the middle. If it comes out clean, it’s done.

Glamorous baking guru Nigella Lawson suggests brushing the top of your cake with your chosen spirit as soon as you take it out of the oven. She also says, as soon as you take the cake out of the oven, double wrap it in foil: ‘This will trap the heat and form steam, which in turn will keep the cake soft on top.’

Let it mature

feed your cake with alcohol

Your cake will taste all the better if you feed it.
Image source: Pudding Lane

Once your cake is completely cool, pierce it several times with a skewer and drizzle 3 tablespoons of your chosen alcohol over the top. Wrap the cake in a double layer of greaseproof paper and a layer of foil, pop it in an airtight tin and store it in a cool place to let it mature.

Your cake will taste doubly delicious if you ‘feed’ it every week or two. To do this, sprinkle 1 tbsp of your chosen spirit over the cake and allow it to sit for a while before re-wrapping it. Be careful not to overfeed or you could end up with a soggy bottom. Rachel of My Life In Knitwear says: ‘Little and regularly is the golden rule here – I find three feeds works well for my cakes.’

Allow at least three weeks for your cake to mature before enjoying the ‘fruits’ of your labour. Decorate it with traditional marzipan and fondant icing, or leave it plain to serve with a thin slice of cheese like a sharp Wensleydale. Delicious!

If we’ve inspired you to make your own Christmas cake this year, store it in one of these festive tins from the Christmas baking range at Rex London.